"Tubulointerstitial fibrosis can sensitize the kidney to subsequent glomerular injury" published in Kidney International
December 29th 2017
VCKD members and colleagues publish their research findings in Kidney International.
Tubulointerstitial fibrosis can sensitize the kidney to subsequent glomerular injury.Lim BJ1, Yang JW2, Zou J3, Zhong J4, Matsusaka T5, Pastan I6, Zhang MZ7, Harris RC7, Yang HC4, Fogo AB8.
Chronic glomerular injury is associated with eventual development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Here we aimed to assess whether, and how, mild chronic tubulointerstitial injury affects glomeruli. For this, we generated mice expressing different toxin receptors, one on their proximal tubular epithelial cells (diphtheria toxin receptor [DTR]) and the other only on podocytes (human CD25 [IL-2R] driven by the nephrin promoter [Nep25]), allowing serial induction of tubule-specific and glomerular (podocyte)-specific injury, respectively. Six weeks after diphtheria toxin injection, mild interstitial fibrosis was found in Nep25+/DTR+, but not in Nep25+/DTR- mice. However, atubular glomeruli and neuronal nitric oxide synthase, a mediator of tubuloglomerular feedback, were higher in Nep25+/DTR+ than in DTR- mice and these atubular glomeruli had less podocyte density as assessed by WT-1 biomarker expression. Peritubular capillary density, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and -2, and cyclooxygenase 2 expression were similar at week six in the two groups. At week seven, all mice were given the immunotoxin LMB-2, which binds to CD25 to induce podocyte injury. Ten days later, proteinuria, podocyte injury, and glomerulosclerosis were more severe in Nep25+/DTR+ than Nep25+/DTR- mice with more severe sclerosis in the tubule-connected glomeruli. This supports the concept that even mild preexisting tubulointerstitial injury sensitizes glomeruli to subsequent podocyte-specific injury. Thus, increased atubular glomeruli and abnormal tubuloglomerular feedback significantly contribute to the crosstalk between the tubulointerstitium and glomeruli.
Kidney Int. 2017 Dec;92(6):1395-1403. doi: 10.1016/j.kint.2017.04.010. Epub 2017 Jul 12.